In principle, these weapons are very much ancient technology. In practice, there are so many bells and whistles on this device that someone who is untrained may not be able to even fire the weapon.
In addition to the variety of tools to facilitate …
A railgun uses magnetic forces or other frictionless force to push a projectile at extreme speeds. Compared to projectiles propelled through compressed explosive means, these shots have an incredible amount of force with a small amount of recoil. They …
A cylinder of magnetic force is projected with the release of a superheated gas to contain it in a "bolt." The trajectory speed is fast, usually several hundred or several thousand meters per second.
If the bolt approaches a sufficiently magnetized …
Laser superheats gas between the gun and target and an electric charge is sent down the ionized pathway which then shocks the target.